When the wisdom tooth is not growing correctly, several problems may arise. In this case, the dentist will suggest its procedure for wisdom tooth extraction. Here we have discussed the process of surgery in detail:
Wisdom tooth extraction is a surgical procedure that takes place at the dental clinic. Your dentist will refer you to the hospital if he sees higher risks for infection. If you have any oral diseases, the surgeon will wait for the infections to heal and start with the surgery.
The dentist will give you anesthesia based on the risks related to your wisdom tooth extraction. There are three options of anesthesia:
- Local Anesthesia The dentist will give local anesthesia close to the wisdom tooth to be extracted. Before the injection, the dentist will apply a jelly-like substance to numb the gums. So, during this whole extraction, you will be fully awake. You will feel a small number of movements on the extraction site.
- Sedation Anesthesia Sedation anesthesia is given intravenously in your arm. Sedation anesthesia weakens your consciousness. You will not feel the extraction pain, and you will not remember the surgery. Local anesthesia is also given to the gums for numbness in this process.
- General Anesthesia In rare cases, your dentist may use general anesthesia. The dentist and their team will monitor your vitals throughout the procedure. In this way, you will have a painless surgery, and you will not have any memory of it.
During this surgery, the dentist will perform the following steps:
- The dentist will cut the gums surrounding the wisdom tooth. It will expose the tissue and the bone.
- The dentist will take out the bone, which prevents way to the tooth's roots.
- Then, he may divide the tooth into small pieces to ease the procedure.
- Finally, the dentist will extract the tooth.
- He will wipe out any debris on the site of tooth extraction. In this way, no new infections will take place.
- Next, he will stitch the wounded area to facilitate the process of healing.
- He will put gauze over the extraction site to stop bleeding and aid the blood clot formation.
The surgery period lasts only a week. All you must do is to take prescribed medications and follow these steps to a quick recovery:
- Change the gauze pads as much as possible as they may become wet with blood. Carefully bite on these pads, and if bleeding does not stop after 24 hours, consult your doctor.
- It is advisable not to lay flat. Put some pillows on your back and chin up to control bleeding.
- Using ice packs on the cheeks may heal the wound quickly.
- Try to avoid physical activity during the first week after surgery.
- Use soft foods in your diet, such as porridge, soup, or jelly.
- Rinse your mouth will warm water after surgery. Add salt to this water as this will get rid of any bacteria in the mouth and heal quickly.
- Do not touch the wounded area with the fingers or with a toothbrush.
*Neither this nor any other content in this media is meant to prescribe, recommend, or prevent any treatment or procedure. We highly recommend that you get the advice of a qualified dentist or other medical practitioners regarding your specific dental condition.